At one point in time getting a mortgage for self-employed workers was nearly impossible unless they had an enormous deposit and a large income from their business activities that spanned many years. Those times may be about to return as lenders are pulling their low-doc mortgage products from the market as if they are tainted beef.
Many years ago lenders had strict criterion regarding who they would lend money to and the circumstances under which home loans would be approved. Life was simpler then as the great majority of the workforce had steady employment, a salary or wage, and monthly payslips.
However, as time went by the workforce slowly evolved into a mix of employed and self-employed workers, business owners, investors, and freelancers. Although a large portion of the workforce remained employed, a significant portion of those workers began to receive bonuses and commissions instead of a salary. This created uncertainty regarding their monthly incomes. Additionally, many other workers became self-employed and others became proprietors of small businesses which provided their daily bread.
Finding a standard employee with a steady, provable and predictable salary was no longer easy. This meant that traditional mortgage products were no longer applicable to a large portion of the workforce so lenders were forced to invent a new type of home loan to ensure they could keep on lending. Low Documentation Loans (or Low Doc Loan for short) are specifically developed to aid persons who don’t meet the criteria for a conventional mortgage loan. The loan application still has to be made in writing, on the other hand you don’t need to offer as much data when compared to a standard mortgage loan.
A low doc loan depends on you presenting accurate info about your earnings level with out any associated documentation. Low Doc loans are commonly taken out by the self-employed, as they generally have some difficulty showing evidence of a standard profits – these financial loans can also be made obtainable to persons with a bad credit history.
Enter the low-doc mortgage. A product originally designed for self-employed workers who did not receive a pay slip from their boss each month. Instead these workers contracted out their services to business that would pay them by the hour, or they ran their own small businesses and billed their clients when their work was done. Many self-employed individuals who worked in this manner had high levels of income so it seemed ludicrous that they should be excluded from the mortgage market.
low-doc mortgage products were therefore launched onto the mortgage market with the best intentions – to satisfy the needs of self-employed individuals who lenders believed could service the loans. Unfortunately, due to lax lending rules, self-certs were also approved to people with low incomes who simply lied on their application forms about how much they earned. In addition to this, many lenders reduced their required deposit levels, meaning that people with little or no savings could also apply for a low-doc mortgage.
Because of this, great sums of money were loaned to people who should not have been approved for a mortgage. Mortgage brokers and borrowers alike took advantage of the lethal combination of low deposit requirements and not having to prove earnings to the lenders. low-doc mortgage products are now being squarely blamed for much of the damage that has occurred via the global credit crunch. As a result lenders have pulled hundred of self-cert products from the market and are refusing to lend to anyone on a first-time-buyer basis.
For existing home owners looking for mortgage refinance, financial institutions have reverted to the more strict criteria that were attached to low-doc mortgages in t
he first place. These include low loan-to-value ratios and proof that applicants are truly self-employed. Perhaps the lenders had it right in the beginning.
You should have no problems getting the mortgage you need with a stated income program. You will not have to prove any income and you will be able to write down a number of what you really make. These programs started specifically for the self employed so don’t be afraid to take advantage of them.
Another type of worker that could use a no documentation loan is the independent contractor. This person gets paid cash mostly and it can be very hard to prove income in this situation. This is another time where the stated income program works wonders.
This will allow you to not have to worry about proving where you work or what you make. This is almost like being self employed, but not quite. You can refinance or get into the home you are after with the stated income program if you are an independent contractor and it will be pretty easy for you.
The last type of person is one that it is almost always necessary to use a no documentation loan to get a mortgage for. This is the tipped employee. This includes servers, bartenders, and anybody else that make the largest portion of their money for tips. Because you probably do not claim all your tips it will be difficult for you to get the mortgage you are after.